Why is Veterans Day celebrated on November 11?


“It was not just a celebration of the soldiers that served in World War I. It was a celebration of peace, and it was actually a peace holiday."

LOUISVILLE, Ky. — Every year on November 11, Americans come together with flags and parades and food to celebrate our military heroes on Veterans Day. The date was chosen for a very specific reason.

We asked James Dollar, a US Army veteran and history buff over at Bellarmine University, to help us explain.

Veterans Day originally came out of World War I, a conflict in which America had lost 116,000 men. Globally, millions of soldiers and civilians were injured and killed.

“This was war on a scale that had not been seen by the rest of the world, ever,” Dollar said.

Veteran Robert Fulmer salutes during Veterans Day ceremony at the Korean War Memorial in Philadelphia, Monday, Nov. 11, 2019. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke)

World War I officially ended on November 11, 1918. The armistice was signed at the 11th hour, on the 11th day, of the 11th month. A year later, on the anniversary, President Woodrow Wilson declared there would be an “Armistice Day,” with parades and ceremonies to remember the bravery and sacrifice of those who served and appreciate their victory. A two-minute cessation of business was honored at 11:00 AM on that day. 

In 1926, Congress issued a formal declaration that November 11 would be Armistice Day each year.

“It was not just a celebration of the soldiers that served in World War I,” Dollar explained. “It was a celebration of peace, and it was actually a peace holiday. Of course, it was a little early because in 1939 World War II began.”

In 1954, President Eisenhower changed Armistice Day to “Veterans Day,” to include those who had served in World War II and Korea for recognition. 

Vice President Mike Pence lays a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknowns during the 66th annual National Veterans Day Observance at Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Va., Monday, Nov. 11, 2019. (AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta)

Since then, Veterans Day has had a few more changes. In 1971, Congress actually changed the date of Veterans Day to the fourth Monday in October, thinking that Americans would appreciate a three-day weekend each year.

However, many were upset that the symbolism of the original date had been lost, and President Ford switched it back just four years later in 1975. Most recently, President Obama instituted a two-minute moment of silence each Veterans Day at 3:11 PM.

“Here in America, we are blessed with prosperity and freedom, but what we are often short of is gratitude,” Dollar said. “[Veterans Day] is an opportunity to reach out and thank those people who guaranteed those safeties and that prosperity and freedom.”

A veteran in the audience watches after President Donald Trump and first lady Melania Trump participate in a wreath laying ceremony at the New York City Veterans Day Parade at Madison Square Park, in Washington, Monday, Nov. 11, 2019. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

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